NIDAN Waste Management: Nidan Swachdhara Private Limited (NSPL)

Nidan SwachhaDhara Private Limited (NSPL)

Nidan Swachha Dhara Private Limited (NSPL)

Nidan was formed in 1996 to work with working poor involved in informal sectors. It has been working with these poor to provide them with livelihood and food security and dignity. It revolves around micro finance and micro credit activities with the involvement of Self Help Groups. In this way Nidan make them economically strong.

Nidan Swachhdhara Pvt. Ltd is established as the remedy of pain and grief of waste pickers. In order to provide dignity and livelihood security, NSPL, a solid waste management company was formed in August 2008 under company Act 1956 with the support of Nidan. NSPL has taken up the task of making Patna garbage free. It has stated a cleanliness movement. The main objective of NSPL is zero waste management by ensuring that dry recycle waste and the organic waste is segregated at the source .i.e. at household level.

Safai Mitras are the backbone of this organization. NSPL try to improve the work condition of Safai Mitras by transforming them into professional service provider. Secondly, there prime aim is to help them to get dignity for their work and make them more connected with mainstream society. NSPL realize that it is important that people don’t look at them as waste picker but as service provider. With this aim NSPL has appointed waste pickers as board of directors and they are also partners in equity.

The members of Swachh Dhara not only benefit through its membership, which provides regular employment, but also from membership of SHGs and Sanchay from where they access multiple financial services. Nidan has other ongoing projects relating to health and education from which also benefits members.

In terms of numbers, the membership has grown from 6 to 387 in 4 years. The Safai Mitras are mostly from Musahir comminuty, which comes under Scheduled Caste. 121 out of the 387 are women members.


Waste Management

1. Collection and segregation of garbage at source i.e. at household level

2. Recycling of segregated waste i.e. glass, paper, plastic

3. Check on land degradation and water contamination with safe and systematic disposal of waste.


1. Human Empowerment –so that they can fight for their rights

2. To work for working poor so that they can become self sufficient in social and economic context

3. To create sensitization in society through seminars, training and workshop.

4. To campaign against hunger, poverty, illiteracy, exploitation, gender discrimination, child labour and other such social issues.

5. To act as an information network and distribute it effectively and suggest, and assist in matters relating development issues.

6. To take up a task of making Patna garbage free and make it a green city and clean city

Our partnership with AIF

AIF is an independent nonprofit organization dedicated to socio economic development in India. With the active support of AIF, NSPL is running its waste management project in 11 different parts of Patna. NSPL is glad to be a part of AIF.

Project Objective

1. To ensure livelihood and food security to waste pickers.

2. To ensure right to dignity.

3. To make them self sufficient in social and economic context.

4. To cover them under social security schemes- health, disease, accidents

5. Solid waste management and generating income from waste.

6. To organize the working poor under one roof – NSPL

Working Area

NSPL is working in different pockets of Patna-

1) Patna city, 2) Kankarbagh, 3) Rajendranagar, 4) Rajendra Path, 5) Kadam Kuan,

6) Exhibtion road,7) Patliputra, 8) Budha colony,9) Rajabazar, 10) Phulwari and

11) Boring road.

Plan of Action

First Phase

  • Approaching and organizing waste pickers
  • Training and capacity building

Second Phase

  • Selection and recruitment of Safai Mitra
  • Approaching and organizing Richshaw pullers
  • Entitlement of social security schemes and providing other facilities like – uniform, identity card.
  • Formation of resident body.
  • Agreeing with the norms
  • Formation of units at ward level
  • Mobilizing and channelizing municipal staff.
  • Maintenance of MIS

Third Phase

  • Setting up of composting plant
  • Sales and marketing of compost.

Fourth Phase

  • Survey of recyclable market
  • Establishing MRF – Material Recovery Facility
  • Selection and recruitment of staff
  • Purchase of recycle products
  • Sales and marketing of recycle products

Special Features of NSPL

1. Collection of garbage from 18500 household and 200 institutions– hotels, offices etc.

2. A team of 216 Safai Mitras and 48 organizes and ward in-charge.

3. 7 pickup vans (Tata 207) for disposal of garbage.

4. Two MRF (Material Recovery Facility) – Patna City and Kamla Nehru and two Vermin compost site– Patna City and Rajendra Nagar in Patna

5. Proper uniform, whistle and identity card to each Safai Mitra and regulare training

6. Helpline services for registering complains of the customer and re-addressal within 24 hrs.

Reflection of NSPL

We collect degradable waste around 500 kg at a time and produce around 250 kgs of vermin compost per week.

  • Degradable Waste – Part of waste which is wet get used in vermin composting. Around 10-12 mt. waste are cycle through composting per day but requirement is high thus we are demanding for more open space were we can use all wet waste into compost.
  • Non degradable Waste like paper, plastic are recycle 2-3 mt per day and substantial part are sold in recycle market through Kabadi market by Safai Mitras 6-8 mt per day.

Programme /Activities

  • Training programme for Safai Mitras

NSPL has taken an initiative to improve the working condition of waste pickers and has achieved success in transforming its Safi Mitras into professional service provider. The first objective of NSPL is to help them get dignity for their work. In order to achieve this, it was necessary to make Safi Mitras professional in the work sphere. With this concept NSPL organized a training programme. The training comprises of session in sanitation, hygiene, livelihood, self discipline, outlook & presentation and communication with people. The training was given on how our Safai Mitras can collect and segregate the dry recyclables waste and organic waste at household level and other methods which NSPL follows.

  • Drawing competition for children

One day drawing competition and lunch for children was organized by NSPL. Children (15 girls & 18 boys) of Safai Mitra have participated in this competition. They were asked to draw a picture of their school. Winners of this competition were given attractive prizes and consolation prizes were given to rest of the children. A nukkar natak (street play) based on environment issues were also organized on this occasion.

  • Nagrik Sabha (Citizens’ Meet)

Nagrik meeting was organized under the banner of NSPL. All the ward members were present in programme. Ward member addressed the people and shared their views on cleanliness and sanitation.

  • HIV/ AIDS awareness programme

NSPL organized HIV/AIDS awareness campaign more than 100 people attended this program. The main objective of this programme was to create awareness about AIDS.

–          What does AIDS means?

–          How one gets infected with HIV?

–          How one can prevent from AIDS

It came into light that many Safai Mitras and other people don’t know about AIDS. Some of the NSPL staff expressed their views and share their knowledge on AIDS. They said that AIDS is now like pandemic. Millions of people lived with this disease and millions of people had been killed by this deadly disease.


  • Organized 1150 rag pickers and sweepers at single platform – NSPL
  • Formation of 102 self help group
  • Saving habits have been nurtured among waste pickers and they also access to loan.
  • Children are going to community based school run by Nidan.
  • Their families are getting benefited from social security schemes like micro insurance covering health, accident, disaster.
  • NSPL have become source of employment – Directly and indirectly NSPL help Safai Mitras in getting works. Many of the Safai Mtras are working in Patna Municipal Corporation (PMC) who for the first time got enlisted and trained by NSPL.
  • Collection and segregation of garbage at source i.e. at household level
  • Establishment of a recycle paper plant to reuse waste paper.
  • Production of vermin compost from degradable waste- wet in nature.


  • Lack of people’s participation – People does not see segregation of waste as their responsibility but of municipality or waste pickers. Many people argue that since we are paying municipal taxes so it is their duty to remove the garbage. Even NSPL find it a toughest challenge that is to convince them to mange household waste. The people have to realize that with their support in this work saves a lot of effort at the end of the day.
  • Problem of alcoholism – Majority of the working poor are indulge in drinking habits which directly form a chain of problem for them.
  • The waste pickers don’t realize that that their drinking habit has adverse socio-economic affect. Drinking affect their work performance – rate of absenteeism increases, risk of work accident and less productivity increases.
  • Lack of saving habits among waste pickers- Most of Safai Mitras don’t have saving habits. Most of them spent their money on alcohol, gambling and related social evils.
  • Due amount with Government (Fifty lakhs) – This really affects the work of NSPL. The flow of work has slow down. Due to this they have to terminate many of their Safai Mitras.
  • Land issues – Government is not allotting land to NSPL. Due to which NSPL is facing problem in dumping and collection of garbage.
  • Municipal inspectors are not cooperative. They often beat and harass Safai Mitras.

Journey ahead

1. Promotion to Self help groups.

2. Awareness programme campaign on reproductive health and HIV and AIDS related issues.

3. Emphasis on gender equality.

4. Food and livelihood security to all working poor.

5. Disposal up to 70% of the total garbage and rest 30% waste to go at municipal bins.

6. Organizing the work of waste pickers for non degradable waste.

7. Availability and provision of trucks / dumper and timing

8. Arranging sales of compost through various retail outlets.

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